HIV/AIDS was detected for the first time in India in 1986. It is largely concentrated among a few vulnerable population groups, including men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, people who inject drugs and prisoners and other incarcerated people.
In 1992, the Government of India launched the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) – a comprehensive programme for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India. Since then India has seen a significant reduction in the number of new cases. Over the last decade itself, there has been a 66 percent reduction in AIDS-related deaths in India.
UNAIDS, that unites the work of 11 UN organizations in India — UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, UN Women, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank has been serving in India since 1999, in close partnership with India’s National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) to realise the goal where every person living with HIV has access to care, dignity and freedom from discrimination.