The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217A at its 3rd session in Paris on 10 December 1948.
Hansa Jiviraj Mehta, a Gandhian activist and staunch feminist, was instrumental in having the Declaration’s original phrase “all men are created equal” changed to “all human beings are created equal”.
As the drafting of the UDHR and the Constitution of India was almost a simultaneous process, there is considerable influence that the UDHR also has on the Indian Constitution. For instance, Hansa Jiviraj Mehta was a member of both the Indian Constituent Assembly and the team at the UN Commission on Human Rights that drafted the UDHR. Provisions of the Indian Constitution - Part III which stands for Fundamental Rights and Part IV for Directive Principles of State Policy – are deeply influenced by the text of the UDHR.
At various stages of drafting, India was represented by Hansa Jiviraj Mehta, M.R. Masani and Lakshmi Menon, who made a series of substantive contributions to the numerous articles that make up the UDHR.